Ice trays

Tackle device schemes. Zherlitsa according to the scheme: stand-stand-reel-spring … Is it worth hurrying to the tackle in order to hook the fish in time? Zherlitsy tripods. Gutters for fixed fishing.

The most common types of winter girders are three main types in different variations. And you should start with the scheme of the tackle device, which consists of a stand, a rack, a coil and a spring with a flag. Fishermen of this type are usually made by fishermen themselves, and the tackles that are on sale are arranged according to the same principle. This option is most often used in winter predator fishing. Another type, conventionally called a tripod, is most used on the first snowless ice, when strong winds can drop the first type of vents. The simplest version of the winter vest is a stand with a coil that can work both in a vertical plane and in a horizontal one. The flag is wound behind the coil, depending on the direction of rotation of the coil. Despite its lightness and simplicity, this type of winter girders has one drawback: they are swept away even by a slight snowfall. These gates are also designed for the first ice and must be constantly under the control of the angler so that later he does not look for his tackle under the snow. The dignity of such a girder is that it can be made from a piece of plywood, on which it is enough to attach even an empty spool from under the fishing line, and the spring for the flag can be made from a piece of spring wire. In order for the gate spring to work resiliently and at the same time pliable, you should make several turns at the base of the gate by winding it on a metal rod. Then it remains only to glue a flag made of bright waterproof fabric and the zherlitsa is ready. Such girders are necessary when you urgently need to replenish the stock of gear, and there is no time for making more complex girders, as well as for buying them. In addition, the design of such a vent allows you to install the gear for several days, sprinkling it with snow. They are not as noticeable as the vents with a spool stand. The only problem is how to find your gear later … Everyone marks them in their own way. One puts a stick-stick, the other creates a small mound of snow above the girder.

So, the zherlitsa according to the scheme: stand-stand-coil-spring …

Shop tackle is made from durable frost-resistant plastics, at least ideally. I have not had to test purchased gear for a long time and in different conditions. Therefore, I cannot say anything definite about them in terms of practicality and convenience in fishing. But, I think, they are quite fragile and require careful handling. Like any plastic, they are afraid of blows, especially in the cold. Homemade vents of the same type are more practical and easy to use. Getinax stands have served me for many years and none of them even cracked.

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The racks are easiest to make from wood. For this, a 15 × 15 mm square glazing bead is also suitable. The rack mount is usually a metal stainless steel plate riveted to the stand, into which the tab attached to the rack is tightly inserted. This is the same L-shaped plate made of stainless steel or duralumin. But on my zherlitsa fastenings are made of plastic nuts and bolts, taken once from a children’s designer, the details of which were lost by a little son. I cut off the heads of the bolts and, having drilled holes in the uprights, pasted the bolts there. Before that, I made vertical cuts at the ends so that the glued-in bolt could be pulled off with even more even turns of a thin nylon cord. The mounts turned out to be simple, reliable and lightweight. You can make a similar fastener from metal bolts and nuts, but, of course, the product will be heavier, and your hands will freeze to the bolts and nuts in the cold.

Coils can be purchased at the store. Usually these are products made of pressed rigid foam, but there are also plastic ones. I paint half of the coil with bright red varnish or paint. This is necessary in order to see from a distance: is the coil spinning or not?

Should you rush to the tackle in order to hook the fish in time?

During the first ice the predator is active and after the grip immediately moves on, swallowing live bait on the move. Therefore, it is important to see the coil travel for a timely strike. You catch it early, on the first movements and the initial rotation of the coil, you can simply pull out the bait from the mouth of the predatory fish. If the line is completely dumped from the reel, there is a chance of being late, and the fish will come off, pinned on the points of the tee or double. This happens without hooking, although more often the pike is spotted itself.

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In the wilderness, the pike is less active, than in the first ice, and sometimes it happens that her grip can only follow when the live bait is right in front of her “nose”. Here, it is no longer a predator looking for prey, but the fisherman has to find the places of the passive predator in order to lower the live bait on the tee in the immediate vicinity of the sluggish fish. And the grip can be just as sluggish and slow. In such cases, the coil sometimes hardly moves. Only the line bends in the hole and stretches a little, barely turning the reel. Here you can tease the predator a little by choosing a slack and by soft twitching to cause the pike to take more active actions, and then make a sweep.

I use a flat spring from an army cap as a bite alarm. On a piece of spring about 30 cm long, I stick a flag made of bright red fabric. I simply insert the resulting gatehouse into the upper end of the wooden rack, where I burn out the flat hole with the same spring, hot on the fire. To keep the flag spring securely in the burnt hole, it should be bent at the base. These kinks will prevent the spring from sliding out when the flag is triggered.

Tripod ghosts are rarely made by the fishermen themselves.

Factory-made gear is usually used. But once having acquired tripods, I had to redo them, since the coil located on top disturbed balance and the tackle was clearly unbalanced. After the grip, the zherlitsa often simply fell onto the ice. This was facilitated by the coarse spring, causing such a blow after the grip that the tackle even flew to the side.

I hung the coils from below, riveting the mount and securing the tripod posts with pieces of duralumin bar with threaded threads. A twisted spring with a part straightened under the flag was put on one end of the bar, and the other end of the threaded duralumin bar served as a fastener for the racks. A screw with a washer was twisted into it.

Similar tripods were once produced by factories in the Baltic states. And these zherlitsy were made immediately “according to the mind”, according to the scheme described above “homemade-alteration”.

Zherlitsa tripod

Zherlitsy serve for the so-called active fishing

The first and second types of girders are used for so-called active fishing. That is, the angler sets the tackle and monitors the flags in order to make a sweep if the flag is raised. In the wilderness, it is often necessary to constantly rearrange the tackle in order to find the pike parking lot. At this time, it often happens that after catching one pike, the tackle can stand in vain for more than one day in this place. But as soon as it is moved to the side of twenty meters, the predator’s grip will immediately follow.

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Rigging vents

The fishing line for winter girders is used quite thick – 0.5-0.6 mm. This is in reservoirs with large fish. On small rivers and ponds, where medium-sized pike predominates, fishing line with a diameter of 0.35-0.4 mm is quite suitable.

Tees or twins are most often used in equipment. For large reservoirs and large fish, you can use tees No. 8.5. These tees are quite versatile. In places where pike perch is found next to the pike, these tees are good at spotting both predators. For fishing in ponds and small rivers, tees No. 7 are more suitable.

During active fishing with hooking, live bait is caught under the dorsal fin. Zhivtsov is allowed in 50-60 cm from the bottom. Sometimes closer to the bottom. This happens on certain days with unstable pressure. In snags, live bait is set at half-water, and the hooking should be done as early as possible, immediately after the reel’s steady motion, preventing the predator from getting the tackle into the snags.

Gutters for fixed fishing

Further, we will talk about the third type of girders, which are often used for fixed fishing, leaving for a long time from girders.

Winter zherlitsa from a mug

The well-known circle, which is designed for running predator fishing on lakes and reservoirs, may well become a universal tackle. It can also be used as a winter vest of the third type mentioned above.

To modernize the mug it is enough to attach the coil from the winter vents on one side, and on the opposite side to make a mount for a spring with a flag. The simplest fastening can be a stainless steel plate, under which, tightly, the tongue of a flat spring with a flag, bent at a right angle, will be inserted. In order to be able to bring the fishing line into the hole in the center of the circle, you will have to make some changes to the very shape of the product, namely, to make a cut to the center with the hole.

Alexander Tokarev and

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